Hazard Management is a systematic process for analyzing hazards in a defined area. The process includes 4 different steps:
- Identifying any potential hazard
- Assessing the potential risk from the respective hazard: how significant is the risk?
- Approach on how to eliminate the hazard or if not possible, controlling the hazard’s impact
- Reviewing risk assessment: permanent monitoring and improvement of measures
Natural Hazard Management takes an integrated approach to hazard assessment and risk management, in which an overview and basic working knowledge of processes, methodology and decisions are required to undertake natural hazard risk management for five major hazards threatening Alpine areas (e.g. landslides, rock falls, torrents, floods and snow avalanches).
Different tools based on geographic information systems, spatial databases and high-resolution elevation and orthoimage data are required for the planning of mountain infrastructures such as mountain roads, villages, land use and ski resorts.
- Preliminary natural hazard risk assessment
- Zoning plans
- Laser scan based avalanche & flood simulation
- Protection measures